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Aust Vet J. 1996 Aug;74(2):132-4.

Susceptibility of cats to equine morbillivirus.

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1
CSIRO Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, Victoria.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the susceptibility of cats to equine morbillivirus (EMV) by direct administration of the virus by subcutaneous, intra-nasal or oral routes, and following exposure to infected cats.

DESIGN:

A disease transmission study, with controls, using ten cats.

PROCEDURE:

Groups of cats were given the virus by the designated methods and assessed for evidence of infection by clinical examination, plus pathological and virological tests.

RESULTS:

All cats administered the virus by subcutaneous, intra-nasal or oral routes became infected and developed the disease within 4 to 8 days. One of two cats in contact with affected cats also developed the disease, but two cats kept near to affected cats did not become infected. The virus was isolated from a range of tissues collected from the infected cats, and the lesions observed in affected cats were similar to those previously observed in horses naturally and experimentally infected with the virus.

CONCLUSION:

This is the first demonstration that animals can be infected with EMV by non-parenteral means, that the virus can transmit naturally between animals and confirms other reports of the similarity of EMV disease in horses and cats.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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