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J Med Chem. 1996 Oct 25;39(22):4439-50.

Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of a new model of arylpiperazines. 1. 2-[[4-(o-methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl]methyl]-1, 3-dioxoperhydroimidazo[1,5-alpha]pyridine: a selective 5-HT1A receptor agonist.

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Departamento de Química Orgánica I, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.


A series of new bicyclohydantoin-arylpiperazines was prepared and evaluated for affinity at 5-HT1A, alpha 1, and D2 receptors. Most of the compounds showed very low affinity for D2 receptors, and most of them demonstrated moderate to high affinity for 5-HT1A and alpha 1 receptor binding sites. SAR observations indicated that the length of the alkyl chain between the arylpiperazine and the hydantoin moiety is of great importance for 5-HT1A/alpha 1 affinity and selectivity, n = 1 being the optimal value. Compound 1h, 2-[[4-(o-methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl] methyl]-1,3-dioxoperhydroimidazo [1,5-alpha]pyridine, bound at 5-HT1A sites with nanomolar affinity (Ki = 31.7 nM) and high selectivity over alpha 1, D2, and 5-HT2A receptors (Ki > 1000, > 10 000, and > 1000 nM, respectively). Preliminary studies showed that this agent is probably functioning as a partial to full 5-HT1A agonist, and it displayed anxiolytic activity on the social interaction test in mice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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