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J Am Coll Nutr. 1996 Oct;15(5):450-7.

Reproducibility of relative dose response (RDR) test and serum retinol and retinyl ester concentrations in children after a 2-week interval.

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1
US Plant, Soil, and Nutrition Laboratory, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Reproducibility of the relative dose response test (RDR), a test designed to measure vitamin A status, was tested in 23 Belizean children, 5-8 years after 2-week interval during which no treatment was given.

METHODS:

As required for the RDR test, serum retinol concentrations were determined before and 5 hours after an oral dose of vitamin A. An RDR score > 14% was used as the criterion of inadequate vitamin A status. The HPLC method used to measure serum retinol concentrations also determined the concentrations of four retinyl esters.

RESULTS:

The RDR test was reproducible for 17 of 23 subjects: 3 scored > 14% on both tests; 14, < 14% on both. Six subjects scored > 14% on only one test. The concordance correlation coefficient (rc) for the percent change in the two tests was 0.24; for fasting serum retinol concentration, rc = 0.81. For retinyl palmitate and stearate, the esters present in highest concentrations at 5 hours, concordance correlation coefficients were 0.75 and 0.59, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

The failure of the RDR test to classify 26% of the subjects reproducibly reduces the usefulness of the test. In addition, the reproducibility of the retinyl ester concentrations in serum 5 hours after the retinyl palmitate dose and the relatively high concentrations in some subjects suggests that some individuals may not metabolize sufficient retinol in 5 hours to cause a maximal increase in serum retinol, resulting in an underestimation of deficiency in a population in which the RDR test is used.

PMID:
8892170
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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