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J Med Primatol. 1996 Jun;25(3):225-35.

Genotypic analysis of infant macaques infected transplacentally and orally.

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Tulane Regional Primate Research Center, Covington, LA 70433, USA.


The SIV-infected macaque provides an excellent model to study factors involved in maternal-fetal transmission of HIV. In our prenatal transmission studies, female macaques were inoculated intravenously during midgestation with either SIV/DeltaB670 or a combination of SIV/ DeltaB670 and the macrophage-tropic molecular clone SIV/17E-Fr. The females harbored a genetically diverse virus population at parturition, whereas a single genotype from the maternal quasispecies was identified in the infants. One of two variants was transplacentally transmitted to the infants, SIV/17E-Fr or B670-Cl 12, a genotype contained within the SIV/ DeltaB670 inoculum. Both of these variants have been identified in the central nervous system of macaques that have developed encephalitis and they replicate in vitro on primary rhesus macrophages. These results suggest a critical role for macrophages in fetal infection in utero. In our perinatal transmission studies we have evaluated the viral genotypes found in two newborn macaques infected orally with SIV/DeltaB670 and in one infant infected via amniotic inoculation in late gestation. More than one viral genotype was identified in each infant, moreover, each infant harbored different genotypes. These results suggest different mechanisms are responsible for viral infection via these routes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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