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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1996 Sep 20;12(14):1349-59.

Transcriptional up-regulation of interleukin 4 receptors by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 tat gene.

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1
Laboratory of Molecular Tumor Biology, FDA, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Abstract

The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) regulatory gene, tat, encodes an early transactivator protein (Tat) necessary for virus replication. We have reported that the HIV-1 tat gene can up-regulate interleukin 4 receptors (IL-4R) however, the mechanism of this up-regulation is not understood. We now show that in Raji cells, 125I-labeled IL-4 cross-linked to three proteins of 140, 70, and 63 kDa, which were immunoprecipitated with an antibody to the human IL-4R. Although this level of all three IL-4 binding proteins increased in tat-transfected cells, the binding characteristics of IL-4R on control or mock transfected control and tat-transfected cells remained similar. The exogenous recombinant Tat protein or supernatant of tat transfected Raji cells also up-regulated the expression of the IL-4R on two renal cell carcinoma cell lines in a concentration-dependent manner. The actinomycin D chase experiments revealed that the half-lives of the IL-4R protein (t1/2 3.5 hr) and mRNA transcripts (t1/2 2.5 hr) were similar in both control and tat-transfected cells. In contrast, nuclear run-on experiments revealed that the rate of the IL-4R mRNA transcription increased 3- to 5-fold in Raji-tat compared to Raji cells. These data indicate that the HIV-1 tat gene up-regulates IL-4R expression by increasing the transcription rate rather than posttranscriptional stabilization of either the mRNA or the protein. HIV-tat inducible exogenous tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) did not up-regulate IL-4R and IL-4R inducible activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT-6) was not observed by Tat even though IL-4R were up-regulated. These results allow us to speculate that HIV-1 tat may interact directly with the IL-4R gene and up-regulate IL-4R transcription.

PMID:
8891114
DOI:
10.1089/aid.1996.12.1349
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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