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Acta Neurochir (Wien). 1996;138(8):983-90; discussion 990-1.

Occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery after Gamma Knife irradiation in a rat.

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  • 1Department of Neurological Surgery, Virginia Neurological Institute, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA.


The anterior cerebral artery of rats was irradiated at the level of the circle of Willis by Gamma Knife with a maximum dose of 25, 50, or 100 Gy. Occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery was observed in one rat which was followed for 20 months after irradiation of 100 Gy. Cerebral infarction was found at the midline-frontal region and the cingulate gyrus. Arterial wall thickening with fibrosis, splitting of the internal elastic membrane, luminal organized thrombus, and migration of smooth muscle cells into the thrombus were observed. In the anterior cerebral artery, thrombus formation seemed to occur after the endothelial injury and this may play a prominent role for occlusion. In small arteries, various changes were observed in the irradiated tissue. These included fibrosis and thrombus, thickened smooth muscle layer, lymphocytic infiltration, and thickening of vessel wall with fibrosis and fibrinous thrombosis with leakage of fibrin into the surrounding tissue after different doses of radiation and at different observation times. These changes were comparable to the ordinary vascular response to injury including healing vasculitis and arteriosclerosis.

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