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Mol Cell Biol. 1996 Nov;16(11):6516-23.

Loss of heterozygosity and base substitution at the APRT locus in mismatch-repair-proficient and -deficient colorectal carcinoma cell lines.

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Department of Oncological Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA.


We determined the nature of mutations occurring at the autosomal APRT locus in mismatch-repair-proficient and -deficient colorectal carcinoma cell lines. The analysis of mutations that result in APRT deficiency in a mismatch-repair-deficient strain of DLD-1 heterozygous for this locus enabled us to measure the rate of loss of the wild-type gene through deletion, recombination, or gene conversion as well as the rate of point mutation. The overall rate of mutation at the APRT locus in DLD-1 was elevated 100-fold compared with the mismatch-repair-proficient colorectal carcinoma cell line SW620. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at APRT accounted for only 4 to 9% of mutant strains derived from DLD-1, indicating a rate for these types of events of 4 x 10(-7) to 9 x 10(-7). In SW620 the rate of LOH at APRT was about 10-fold higher. LOH was not found at polymorphic markers within the same chromosome subband as APRT, indicating that only a limited portion of the chromosome was affected by these alterations. Chromosome painting of SWS620 mutants revealed that the loss of APRT occurred together with a substantial portion of the long arm of chromosome 16. Differences in the nature of base substitutions at APRT (e.g., the proportion of mutations resulting from transitions or transversions) in these tumor cell lines were also detected. There was also an important similarity---the presence of a mutant APRT gene with multiple base substitutions that may be the result of some sort of error-prone DNA synthesis.

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