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Free Radic Biol Med. 1996;21(4):533-40.

Tissue differences in antioxidant enzyme gene expression in response to endotoxin.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425, USA.

Abstract

The effect of endotoxin on antioxidant gene expression and antioxidant enzyme activity in homogenates of the heart, liver, and kidney from Sprague-Dawley rats was compared by quantitation of m-RNA and enzyme activities. Alterations in the message level for Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD), Mn SOD, and catalase varied with the tissue type, length of exposure to endotoxin, and dose of endotoxin. In general, endotoxin treatment reduced Cu-Zn SOD expression in the heart and liver, but had no noticeable effect in the kidney. Mn SOD message levels were increased in the heart and kidney but decreased in the liver. Catalase expression was reduced in the kidney and increased marginally in the heart and liver. With regard to enzyme activity, endotoxin treatment reduced Cu-Zn SOD activity in the heart, liver, and kidney. Mn SOD activity showed little change in the heart, but increased in the liver and, to a lesser extent, in the kidney. Catalase activity showed little change in the heart and kidney but was decreased at 12 h in the liver. The differing responses of tissues to the oxidant stress of endotoxin exposure should be considered when evaluating the effect of endotoxin on antioxidant enzymes.

PMID:
8886805
DOI:
10.1016/0891-5849(96)00048-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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