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Mol Endocrinol. 1996 Sep;10(9):1066-76.

Expression of alternatively spliced isoforms of the parathyroid hormone (PTH)/PTH-related peptide receptor messenger RNA in human kidney and bone cells.

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  • 1INSERM U 426, Faculté de Médecine Xavier Bichat, Paris, France.


Using a PCR-based strategy, two variants of the PTH/PTH-related peptide (PTH-rp) receptor mRNA were identified in human kidney, SaOS-2 human osteoblast cells, and rat bone that are produced by alternative splicing of exons coding for the N-terminal portion of the receptor. In the S-N3-E2 isoform, the exon coding the signal peptide (S) is spliced to an alternative 3'-acceptor site, producing a product respecting the reading frame, but in which the E1 exon is replaced by 12 amino acids derived from the N3 intron. In the S-E2 isoform, in which the E1 exon is deleted by cassette exclusion, the reading frame is changed, but a truncated receptor may be produced by reinitiation of translation at an overlapping stop/start codon. After transfection of COS and Chinese hamster ovary cells with the originally described S-E1-E2 isoform and the two splice variants, active transcription of PTH/PTH-rp receptor mRNA was detected by RT-PCR in all cases. Cell lines transfected with the S-E1-E2 and S-N3-E2 isoforms displayed a 15- to 25-fold and 2- to 3-fold increase, respectively, in cAMP content after stimulation with 2.4 x 10(-7) M human PTH(1-34), whereas cells transfected with the S-E2 isoform did not respond. PTH elicited an increase in intracellular calcium only in cells transfected with the S-E1-E2 isoform. Studies evaluating the surface expression of receptors using anti-human PTH/PTH-rp receptor antibodies and the ability of transfected cells to bind [125I]PTH-rp indicated that the low or absent responses to PTH stimulation resulted, at least in part, from low surface expression of the S-N3-E2 and S-E2 isoforms. These studies support the conclusion that exon E1 is extremely important in promoting surface expression of the PTH/PTH-rp receptor but indicate that isoforms lacking this exon can retain the ability to recognize PTH. The possible intracellular expression of these splice variants, which account for 15-20% of total PTH/PTH-rp receptor mRNA, needs to be evaluated.

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