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Cell Prolif. 1996 Jul;29(7):413-25.

Monoclonal antibodies Ki-S3 and Ki-S5 yield new data on the 'Ki-67' proteins.

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1
Department of Haematopathology and Lymph Node Registry, University of Keil, Germany.

Abstract

The monoclonal antibody (mab) Ki-67 has been used for about 10 years, mainly in tissue sections, to monitor proliferating cells, but so far only very little is known about the proteins it recognizes. The new mabs Ki-S3 and Ki-S5 detect proliferating cells in frozen and paraffin-embedded tissues. They recognize proteins with the same molecular mass as Ki-67 in Western blot and for the first time also in immunoprecipitation experiments. With these mabs we were able to enrich and purify the Ki-67 proteins. Protein sequencing of four peptides of the digested proteins corresponded to the cDNA-deduced amino acid sequence already published for the Ki-67 proteins. Since we were able to immunoprecipitate the Ki-67 proteins, we performed various immunoprecipitation experiments to obtain more information about the nature of these proteins. After radiolabelling L428 cells with [35S]-methionine we were able to immunoprecipitate the Ki-67 proteins after only 5 min of labelling time. In turnover experiments the Ki-67 proteins could not be detected 3 h after the end of labelling. These data indicate a half-life of the Ki-67 proteins of about 90 min. Labelling experiments with [32P]-orthophosphate revealed that the Ki-67 proteins are phosphorylated. After dephosphorylation was blocked with okadaic acid or cell growth was arrested by means of Colcemid, the phosphorylation of the Ki-67 proteins was greatly increased, indicating that the Ki-67 proteins are phosphorylated via serine and threonine, and that the phosphorylation of the Ki-67 proteins increases in cycling cells. Labelling experiments with [3H]-mannose and [3H]-glucose revealed that the protein is weakly N-glycosylated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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