Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Plant Physiol. 1996 Oct;112(2):779-85.

The major form of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase in maize endosperm is extra-plastidial.

Author information

1
John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norfolk, United Kingdom. denyerk@bbsrc.ac.uk

Abstract

Preparations enriched in plastids were used to investigate the location of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) in the developing endosperm of maize (Zea mays L.). These preparations contained more than 25% of the total activity of the plastid marker enzymes alkaline pyrophosphatase and soluble starch synthase, less than 2% of the cytosolic marker enzymes alcohol dehydrogenase and pyrophosphate, fructose 6-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase, and approximately 3% of the AGPase activity. Comparison with the marker enzyme distribution suggests that more than 95% of the activity of AGPase in maize endosperm is extra-plastidial. Two proteins were recognized by antibodies to the small subunit of AGPase from maize endosperm Brittle-2 (Bt2). The larger of the two proteins was the major small subunit in homogenates of maize endosperm, and the smaller, less abundant of the two proteins was enriched in preparations containing plastids. These results suggest that there are distinct plastidial and cytosolic forms of AGPase, which are composed of different subunits. Consistent with this was the finding that the bt2 mutation specifically eliminated the extraplastidial AGPase activity and the larger of the two proteins recognized by the antibody to the Bt2 subunit.

PMID:
8883389
PMCID:
PMC158002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center