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Am J Med Genet. 1996 Mar 29;62(3):276-81.

Further delineation of the acro-renal-ocular syndrome.

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Institute of Human Genetics, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands.


A triad of acral, renal, and ocular abnormalities was reported previously in four families. We report on a fifth family, in which a mother, one of her four sons and one of her two daughters are affected. Major findings in the acro-renal-ocular syndrome are upper limb abnormalities, mainly thumb hypoplasia, eye abnormalities such as coloboma and Duane anomaly and renal migration defects. A close embryological-temporal relationship between the traits of this entity suggest a common monogenic cause. The pattern of inheritance is probably autosomal dominant. Because of a wide variability of clinical manifestations, recognition of the syndrome in individual cases may be difficult.

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