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J Comp Physiol B. 1996;165(8):659-64.

ETB-type receptors mediate endothelin-stimulated contraction in the aortic vascular smooth muscle of the spiny dogfish shark, Squalus acanthias.

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Mt. Desert Island Biological Laboratory, Salsbury Cove, ME 04672, USA.


Using various agonists, and the specific antagonist BQ-123, we have examined the sensitivity to endothelin of the vascular smooth muscle of the ventral aorta of the spiny dogfish shark, Squalus acanthias. Human endothelin-1 produced significant contraction of isolated vascular smooth muscle rings, with an EC50 of 10 nmol.l-1. The presence of an intact endothelium did not alter this response but the magnitude of the contraction was greater in rings with an intact endothelium. The response to 0.2 mumol.l-1 endothelin-1 was equivalent to that of 0.1 mmol.l-1 acetylcholine, and significantly greater than that to 80 mmol.l-1 KCl, suggesting high sensitivity even to the heterologous, mammalian peptide. The Hill plot of the contractile response was a straight line with a slope of 1.12, indicating that a single receptor was mediating the response. Endothelin-1, endothelin-3, and sarafotoxin S6c produced similar concentration-response curves, and the response to endothelin-1 was insensitive to the ETA-specific inhibitor BQ-123. Our data are consistent with the hypothesis that the receptor involved in the contractile response to endothelin of shark aortic vascular smooth muscle is of the ETB-rather than the ETA-type.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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