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Mol Biol Evol. 1996 Apr;13(4):612-22.

Zea systematics: ribosomal ITS evidence.

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1
Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia 63211, USA. buckler/biosci.mbp.missouri.edu

Abstract

Ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences were used to evaluate the phylogenetics of Zea and Tripsacum. Maximum likelihood and polymorphism parsimony were used for phylogenetic reconstructions. Zea ITS nucleotide diversity was high compared to other plant species, but approximately equivalent to other maize loci. Coalescence of ITS alleles was rapid relative to other nuclear loci; however, there was still much diversity within populations. Zea and Tripsacum form a clade clearly differentiated from all other Poaceae. Four Zea ITS pseudogenes were identified by phylogenetic position and nucleotide composition. The phylogenetic position of Z. mays ssp. huehuetenangensis was clearly established as basal to the other Z. mays. The ITS phylogeny disfavored a Z. luxurians and Z. diploperennis clade, which conflicted with some previous studies. The introgression of Z. mays alleles into Z. perennis and Z. diploperennis was also established. The ITS data indicated a near contemporary divergence of domesticated maize and its two closest wild relatives.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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