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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 1996;122(10):585-9.

Frequent loss in chromosome 8p loci in liver cirrhosis accompanying hepatocellular carcinoma.

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Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Japan.


Most hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is preceded by liver cirrhosis, but the genetic changes involved in cirrhosis are not well understood. We therefore studied loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in cirrhotic and neoplastic foci in livers of 14 patients with HCC. The samples, microdissected from paraffin-embedded tissues, were analyzed using a polymerase-chain-reaction-based assay for dinucleotide repeat polymorphisms on 8p. Of the 14 cases, 13 showed constitutional heterozygosity for the microsatellite markers. In 7 (54%) of these 13 informative cases, LOH was detected in the primary HCC and, in these 7 doubly informative (informative and LOH-positive in primary HCC) cases, LOH was found in 16 (70%) of 23 liver cirrhotic foci. The pattern of 8p allelic loss was identical in each doubly informative tumor; however, some of the liver cirrhotic foci harbored an 8p loss identical to that seen in the primary HCC, some harbored a different 8p loss, and some did not harbor any 8p loss. The remaining 6 cases without LOH on 8p in HCC showed no 8p loss in any cirrhotic foci. Presumably HCC could develop from cirrhotic cells harboring 8p loss.

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