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Microb Pathog. 1996 Sep;21(3):215-21.

Growth of Chlamydia pneumoniae in cultured human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and induction of a cytokine response.

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1
National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

In vitro infection of freshly isolated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (HPBMC) with Chlamydia pneumoniae was found to induce a production of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interferon alpha (IFN-alpha). The secretion was dependent on the amount of infecting chlamydiae and most of it occurred during the first 12 to 24 h. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Salmonella minnesota Rechemotype, used as a positive control for HPBMC activation, induced a release of TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta and IL-6, but not of IFN-alpha, similar to the effect of C. pneumoniae. Viable chlamydiae could not be recovered from HPBMCs infected immediately after their isolation, whereas HPBMCs which were cultured in vitro for 3 to 9 days before infection were able to maintain the growth of C. pneumoniae. Growth inside HPBMCs as well as induction of cytokine response may have a role in the pathogenesis of C. pneumoniae infection.

PMID:
8878018
DOI:
10.1006/mpat.1996.0056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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