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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 1996 Aug;16(8):601-9.

Mechanisms in interleukin-2 protection against glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis: regulation of AP-1 and glucocorticoid receptor transcriptional activities.

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CJF INSERM 93-01, Faculté de Pharmacie-Paris XI, Châtenay Malabry, France.


We have used the gibbon ape leukemia cell line MLA-144 and its corticoid-sensitive subclone MLA-E7T to analyze the mechanisms whereby interleukin-2 (IL-2) can protect T cells against dexamethasone-induced apoptosis. MLA cells are characterized by the constitutive expression of intermediate affinity receptors for IL-2, together with IL-4 receptors. MLA-144 cells secrete IL-2 and are insensitive to dexamethasone, whereas MLA-E7T cells do not constitutively produce significant amounts of IL-2 and undergo apoptotic cell death in the presence of dexamethasone. Exogenous IL-2 was shown to protect MLA-E7T cells against the apoptotic effect of dexamethasone and to increase both the DNA binding and transactivating functions of activator protein-1 (AP-1). The functional relationship between AP-1 and glucocorticoid receptors transcriptional activities was further investigated using transient expression of reporter gene constructs whose transcriptions are regulated by promoters containing TPA-responsive elements or glucocorticoid-responsive elements. The data reported here demonstrate that in MLA-144 cells, IL-2 or PMA stimulation antagonizes the glucocorticoid receptor, whereas in MLA-E7T, synergistic effects are observed between dexamethasone and IL-2 or PMA for transactivation of MMTV-CAT. Taken together with the finding that IL-2 but not PMA protects MLA-E7T from dexamethasone-induced apoptosis, our results indicate that IL-2 does not induce such a protection by repressing the transcriptional activity of the glucocorticoid receptor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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