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J Clin Periodontol. 1996 Aug;23(8):764-9.

Partial expression of the Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome in 2 unrelated families.

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1
Hebrew University-Hadassah Faculty of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel.

Abstract

The Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) is a rare, autosomal recessive trait that is characterized by palmar plantar keratosis (PPK) and severe, early onset periodontitis, affecting both deciduous and permanent dentitions. The clinical presentation of PLS is variable; the disease occurs so infrequently as to limit clinical cases for study. The exception is a few families with extensive consanguinity in which numerous cases occur. Of particular interest to mapping the genetic origin of the syndrome is the co-expression of the major traits of hyperkeratosis and periodontitis, and their severity. In this paper, we report 2 families with multiple affected individuals from geographically remote areas. A large extended family, from the Cochin region of India, currently residing in Israel, in which there is documented consanguinity and a family from the southwest region of Germany. In each family, 1 individual presents with hyperkeratotic lesions with the complete absence of periodontal lesions. Further, the difference in severity of the hyperkeratotic lesions between families is marked, and one sibling in the German family expressed rapid, early onset periodontitis in the absence of PPK. The genetic nature and penetrance of the genetic defect are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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