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Hum Mol Genet. 1996;5 Spec No:1505-14.

The factor IX gene as a model for analysis of human germline mutations: an update.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic/Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.


The variation generated by germline mutation is essential for evolution, but individuals pay a steep price in the form of Mendelian disease and genetic predisposition to complex disease. Indeed, the health of a species is determined ultimately by the rate of germline mutation. Analysis of the factor IX gene in patients with hemophilia B has provided insights into the human germline mutational process. Herein, seven topics will be reviewed with emphasis on recent advances: (i) proposed mechanisms of deletions, inversions, and insertions; (ii) discordant sex ratios of mutation and associated age effects; (iii) somatic mosaicism; (iv) founder effects; (v) mutation rates; (vi) the factor IX gene as a germline mutagen test; and (vii) cancer as a possible mechanism for maintaining a constant rate of germline mutation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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