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Clin Chest Med. 1996 Sep;17(3):513-53.

Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation in patients with acute respiratory failure.

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Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis, College of Medicine, USA.


This article provides a systematic review of the literature on the application of noninvasive ventilation in various forms of hypercapnic and hypoxemic respiratory failures. A description of the underlying pathophysiology is followed by a review of physiologic data explaining the mechanisms of action of noninvasive ventilation. A critical review of clinical studies is presented with specific suggestions. The methodology of correctly implementing and monitoring noninvasive ventilation in patients with acute respiratory failure, critical to success, is detailed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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