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Blood. 1996 Oct 15;88(8):2927-38.

Local clonal analysis of the hematopoietic system shows that multiple small short-living clones maintain life-long hematopoiesis in reconstituted mice.

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Hematological Scientific Center, Moscow, Russia.


We describe here a technique to study the clonal contribution of primitive stem cells that account for long-term hematopoiesis in the same mouse over a 14-month period. Specifically, irradiated recipient female mice were transplanted with retrovirally marked male hematopoietic progenitors. Bone marrow was then collected repeatedly from local sites from the same mice throughout a 14-month period and injected into secondary irradiated recipients for analysis of donor retrovirally marked day-11 colony-forming unit-spleen (CFU-S-11). We have tracked the temporal in vivo fate of 194 individual CFU-S-derived cell clones in 38 mice reconstituted with such retrovirally marked bone marrow cells. Our data show that long-term hematopoiesis is maintained by a large number of simultaneously functioning small, shortlived (1 to 3 months) clones that usually grow locally with little or no dispersion between different regions of the hematopoietic system. Furthermore, the clones that disappeared were never detected again. The data suggest that normal hematopoiesis is supported by the sequential recruitment of marrow repopulating cells into a differentiation mode.

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