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Kidney Int. 1996 Sep;50(3):1044-50.

GM-CSF secretion in primary cultures of normal and cancerous human renal cells.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of New Mexico Health Science Center, Albuquerque, USA.


Rates of secretion of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) were measured in 50 primary cell cultures derived from cancerous and normal human kidneys. Mean rates of GM-CSF secretion measured by TF-1 cell proliferation assay (N = 21) and by ELISA (N = 31) were 2.5 and 7.8 ng/10(6) cells/24 hr, respectively. There was no significant difference between the mean rates of GM-CSF secretion by cancerous and normal renal cells. GM-CSF was also secreted by primary renal cell cultures grown in serum-free medium and by renal cell lines. GM-CSF mRNA was detected by RT-PCR in cultured renal cells, but not in undissociated kidney tissue. Rates of GM-CSF secretion were reduced up to 99% under conditions where the cellular density or substratum more closely resembled the in vivo environment. Some cultured human renal carcinoma cells (RCC) secreted GM-CSF at levels that occasionally overlapped the levels produced by the GM-CSF gene-modified human RCC vaccine now in phase I trial. The data indicate that GM-CSF is not expressed in vivo, and that stable GM-CSF secretion is induced by the dissociation and culture of human renal cells.

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