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J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 1996 Jul-Aug;5(4):263-8.

Strength of the glenoid labrum and adjacent shoulder capsule.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Japan.


This study evaluates the role of the glenoid labrum and capsule in the prevention of shoulder dislocation. Fifteen shoulder joints from nine fresh cadavers were used. The labrum and capsule were cut into sections 5 mm wide, and the strength of each slice to rupture was measured. The rupture site was observed microscopically. The anterior-inferior portion was the weakest, with a mean force necessary to cause rupture of 3.84 +/- 1.00 kg/5 mm. The rupture site was the portion of the labrum close to the cartilage of the glenoid. Histologic structure and degenerative changes of the labrum did not differ in the anterior to posterior portions. These results show that the anterior-inferior portion of the labrum is relatively weak. This finding may explain the lesion commonly identified in anterior shoulder dislocation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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