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J Neurosci Res. 1996 Aug 15;45(4):382-91.

Mouse astrocytes respond to the chemokines MCP-1 and KC, but reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction does not detect mRNA for the KC or new MCP-1 receptor.

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Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Previous studies demonstrated the involvement of astrocytes in the development of astrogliosis, a condition in which these cells undergo proliferation and hypertrophy. To examine whether astrocytes could migrate into lesions, we tested the influence of the murine chemokines MCP-1, KC, TCA3, and MIP-1 beta on migration of cultured neonatal mouse astrocytes. Subnanomolar concentrations of MCP-1 and KC were active chemoattractants indicating that these molecules were effective at physiologic concentrations. Specificity of MCP-1 was demonstrated by antibody inhibition and by the finding that the chemokine MIP-1 beta failed to induce astrocyte migration. The migratory responses were sensitive to pertussis toxin; this finding is consistent with involvement of G protein-coupled receptors. To examine the receptors for these chemokines further, we cloned the mouse homolog of the human MCP-1 receptor from a mouse peritoneal exudate cell cDNA library. The gene had 78% nucleotide sequence homology with the human MCP-1 receptor (the nucleotide sequence of clone 1 encoding the mouse MCP-1 receptor can be obtained from the GenBank database, accession number U56819). However, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) failed to detect message for either the MCP-1 or KC receptors in astrocytes. The combined data suggest that mouse astrocytes use novel receptors to recognize these chemokines.

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