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J Endourol. 1996 Aug;10(4):329-33.

Protective effect of verapamil on renal tissue during shockwave application in rabbit model.

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Department of Urology, Ibn-1 Sina Hospital, University of Ankara School of Medicine, Turkey.


Although extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) is the treatment of choice for symptomatic urinary calculi, it has been shown in number of studies that adverse effects of high-energy shockwaves may be encountered in short- and long-term follow-up. To evaluate the possible protective effect of verapamil administration on renal tissue, both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histopathologic examination were performed after SWL in rabbits. Thirty-five animals were divided into three groups. The 15 animals in the first group were fed verapamil (0.1 mg/kg) for 3 days. Another 15 animals received no medication but underwent SWL, and the remaining 5 animals received anesthesia alone (sham group). The animals were then subdivided into three groups according to the shockwave number applied (1000, 15,000, or 2000) and the aforementioned evaluations were performed 24 hours and 3 months after the procedure. We found prominent histopathologic alterations in animals not receiving any medication before SWL. Persistence of these pathologic alterations during 3 months of follow-up indicated the importance of preservation of renal architecture during high-energy shockwave application. On the other hand, animals under verapamil medication prior to SWL demonstrated only a limited degree of histopathologic alteration. Demonstration of a normal histologic pattern after 3 months supported the preservation of tissue structure by such medication. No significant histopathologic alteration could be observed in the sham-group animals, as expected. Our study demonstrates that verapamil is protective against shockwave-induced renal tubular damage. Such medications may be useful to avoid the proven histopathologic and functional side effects of high-energy shockwaves.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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