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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1996 Aug;81(2):853-7.

Preexercise glucose ingestion and glucose kinetics during exercise.

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Department of Physiology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.


The present study was undertaken to examine the effects of glucose ingestion before exercise on liver glucose output and muscle glucose uptake during exercise. On two occasions, at least 1 wk apart, six trained men (peak pulmonary O2 uptake = 5.11 +/- 0.17 l/min) ingested 400 ml of a solution containing either 75 g glucose [carbohydrate (CHO)] or a sweet placebo [control (Con)] 30 min before 60 min of exercise at 71 +/- 1% peak pulmonary O2 uptake. Glucose kinetics (rates of appearance and disappearance) were measured by a primed continuous infusion of [6,6-2H2]glucose. Liver glucose output was derived from total glucose appearance and the appearance of ingested glucose from the gut. After glucose ingestion, plasma glucose increased to 6.4 +/- 0.4 mmol/l immediately before exercise, fell to 4.2 +/- 0.5 mmol/l after 20 min of exercise, and then increased to a higher value than in the Con group (5.4 +/- 0.3 vs. 4.7 +/- 0.1 mmol/l; P < 0.05) after 60 min of exercise. In the CHO group, plasma insulin was higher immediately before exercise (P < 0.05) and, despite falling during exercise, remained higher than in the Con group after 60 min of exercise (57.0 +/- 11.4 vs. 24.8 +/- 1.7 pmol/l; P < 0.05). The rapid fall in plasma glucose in the CHO group was the result of a higher muscle glucose uptake with the onset of exercise (P < 0.05), which could not be matched by the glucose rate of appearance. Liver glucose output was decreased by glucose ingestion, and although it increased during the early stages of exercise in the CHO group, it did not rise above the basal values and was reduced by 62% over the 60 min of exercise compared with the Con group. In summary, preexercise glucose ingestion results in increased muscle glucose uptake and reduced liver glucose output during exercise.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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