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Trends Biochem Sci. 1996 May;21(5):174-7.

Iron-sulfur clusters as biosensors of oxidants and iron.

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Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Disease, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

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  • Trends Biochem Sci 1996 Jul;21(7):246.


Iron-sulfur clusters are prosthetic groups commonly found in proteins that participate in oxidation-reduction reactions and catalysis. Here, we focus on two proteins that contain iron-sulfur clusters, the fumarate nitrate reduction (FNR) protein of Escherichia coli and mammalian iron-responsive-element-binding protein 1 (IRP1), both of which function as direct sensors of oxygen and iron levels. Assembly and disassembly of iron-sulfur clusters is the key to sensing in these proteins and we speculate that iron-sulfur clusters might be found in other regulatory proteins that sense levels of iron and/or oxygen.

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[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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