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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1996 Feb 15;136(2):187-91.

Resuscitation of Vibrio cholerae O1 strain TSI-4 from a viable but nonculturable state by heat shock.

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Department of Bacteriology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.


Vibrio cholerae strain TSI-4 was incubated in an M9 salt solution at 15 degrees C for more than 100 days. The plate counts showed no viable cells on day 30, but a broth culture from that day showed the growth of bacteria. However, after 35 days the bacteria entered the nonculturable state, based on the assessment of both the plate counts and broth culture. A portion of the culture was heated at 45 degrees C for 1 min in a water bath and subsequently plated onto a nutrient agar plate. More than 1000 colonies were recovered after this heat-shock treatment. The recovered cells showed the same chromosomal DNA pattern in the restriction map and the same outer membrane protein pattern in SDS-PAGE. Recovery of viable cells by heat-shock was achieved in cultures grown on M9 salt but not from cultures grown in phosphate-buffered saline. This suggests that the presence of NH4Cl in the M9 salt solution may support the growth of the bacteria in a low nutrient medium, while also playing an important role in resuscitation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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