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Microbiology. 1996 Mar;142 ( Pt 3):649-55.

Propionyl-CoA carboxylase from Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2): cloning of the gene encoding the biotin-containing subunit.

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Divisions of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of Glasgow, UK.


In Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), polyketides are made from malonyl-CoA, which is presumed to be derived from acetyl-CoA by the action of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC). No ACC activity was found in cell-free extracts of S. coelicolor. However, propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC) activity was detected at substantial levels. Fixation of CO2 by ACC and PCC occurs by covalent bonding of CO2 to a biotin-containing protein. Most bacteria have a single small biotinylated protein of approximately 22 kDa, but S. coelicolor contains three larger biotin-containing proteins (approximately 145, 88 and 70 kDa). To determine which biotinylated protein was associated with PCC activity, the enzyme was purified and shown to comprise an alpha subunit (biotin-containing) of 88 kDa and a beta subunit of 66 kDa. The N-terminal sequences of these proteins were determined and, using an oligonucleotide probe, the gene for the alpha subunit (pccA) was cloned.

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