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Resuscitation. 1995 Dec;30(3):243-9.

High dose and standard dose adrenaline do not alter survival, compared with placebo, in cardiac arrest.

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1
Department of Cardiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.

Abstract

This trial compared blinded 10 mg aliquots of adrenaline with placebo in 194 cardiac arrest patients treated in hospital using American Heart Association guidelines. In-hospital and out-of-hospital arrests were included. Of the 339 eligible patients a large proportion (145 (45%)) were not randomised and received open 1 mg aliquots of adrenaline. This group is also analysed. Supervising physicians gave significant preference for males, patients with no previous cardiac history and without multiple organ disease to be given open 1 mg adrenaline. Patients in asystole at the time of consideration for entry were preferentially placed in the trial group (114 (69%) vs. 170 (88%)) and patients in ventricular fibrillation were preferentially given open 1 mg adrenaline (31 (21%) vs. 24 (12%) P < 0.03). The most beneficial rhythm changes which led to survival were sinus rhythm and ventricular tachycardia. Analysis of rhythm changes resulting from the dosing showed a significant (P = 0.01) change to a beneficial rhythm with 10 mg adrenaline but not for 1 mg adrenaline or placebo. This was not reflected by an improvement in immediate survival. No significant differences in immediate survival (IS) or hospital discharge (HD) exists between open 1 mg adrenaline (IS 14 (9.7%), HD 3 (2%)) or the 10 mg adrenaline (IS 9 (9.6%), HD 0) vs. placebo (IS 7 (7%), HD 0) trial arms. Patients reaching the point of use of adrenaline have a uniformly poor immediate survival (8.8%) and hospital discharge rate (0.9%). Dosing with 10 mg or 1 mg adrenaline does not influence outcome compared with placebo.

PMID:
8867714
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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