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Microbiol Immunol. 1996;40(2):125-31.

Kinetics of anti-mannan antibodies useful in confirming invasive candidiasis in immunocompromised patients.

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1
Department of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Therapy, Erasmus University School of Medicine, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Abstract

In studying the anti-mannan antibodies longitudinally in serial serum samples of three immunocompromised patients, it was observed that anti-mannan antibodies started to increase shortly after the moment that cultures of deep-tissue sites became positive with Candida albicans. The mean anti-mannan antibody titers determined in a group of 36 immunocompromised patients with invasive candidiasis increased within two weeks after the probable onset of invasive candidiasis. In contrast, anti-mannan antibody levels in serial serum samples of 14 immunocompromised patients who were only colonized with C. albicans remained stable or decreased over time. The HA test measuring the anti-mannan antibodies was 64% sensitive and 89% specific in determining invasive candidiasis. In contrast, antibodies specific for candidal cytoplasmic antigens or enolase alone were of little value in confirming invasive candidiasis in these immunocompromised patients.

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