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Mol Microbiol. 1996 Aug;21(3):605-12.

Examination of AsmA and its effect on the assembly of Escherichia coli outer membrane proteins.

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1
Department of Microbiology, Arizone State University, Tempe 85287-2701, USA.

Abstract

asmA mutations were isolated as extragenic suppressors of an OmpF assembly mutant, OmpF315. This suppressor locus produced a protein that was present in extremely low levels and could only be visualized by Western blotting in cells where AsmA expression was induced from a plasmid. Detailed fractionation analyses showed that AsmA localized with the inner membrane. Curiously, however, the mutant OmpF assembly step influenced by AsmA occurred in the outer membrane, perhaps indicating an indirect involvement of AsmA in the assembly of outer membrane proteins. Biochemical examination of the outer membrane showed that asmA null mutations reduce lipopolysaccharide (LPS) levels, thereby lowering the ratios of glycerolphospholipids to LPS and envelope proteins to LPS in the outer membrane. Despite these quantitative alterations, no apparent structural changes in LPS or major phospholipids were noted. Reduced LPS levels in asmA mutants indicate a possible role of AsmA in LPS biogenesis. Data presented in this study suggest that asmA-mediated OmpF assembly suppression may have been achieved by altering the outer membrane fluidity, thus making it more amenable for the assembly of mutant proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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