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Mol Biol Evol. 1996 Oct;13(8):1133-40.

High nucleotide sequence variation in a region of low recombination in Drosophila simulans is consistent with the background selection model.

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1
Section of Genetics and Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA. mth3@cornell.edu

Abstract

We surveyed nucleotide sequence variation at glucose dehydrogenase (Gld), in a region of low recombination on chromosome 3R, from a population sample of Drosophila simulans. The levels of nucleotide variation were surprisingly high. There was no departure from the expectation of a neutral model for the level of polymorphism, indicating no evidence of a selective sweep in this region. There was a significant deficiency of singleton polymorphisms according to the Fu and Li test, although Tajima and Hudson, Kreitman, and Aguade (HKA) tests do not provide evidence of a significant elevation of variation due to balancing selection. Genetic map data for the D. simulans third chromosome were used to calculate expected values of pi for Gld under a current model of background selection, varying the values for the parameter sh (selection coefficient against deleterious mutations). We show that the recombinational landscape of D. simulans is sufficiently different from that of D. melanogaster that we expect higher variation under the background selection model, even when effective population sizes are assumed to be equal. The data for Gld were tested against the predictions using computer simulations of the distribution of the number of segregating sites conditioned on pi. Background selection alone can explain our observations as long as sh is larger than 0.005 and species-level effective population size is assumed to be several-fold larger than in D. melanogaster. Alternatively, the deleterious mutation rate may be smaller in D. simulans, or balancing selection may be acting nearby, thereby reducing the effect of background selection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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