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J Med Chem. 1996 Oct 11;39(21):4238-46.

Synthesis, resolution, and preliminary evaluation of trans-2-amino-6(5)-hydroxy-1-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-indenes and related derivatives as dopamine receptors ligands.

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Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Università di Camerino, MC, Italy.


The present work reports the synthesis of enantiomeric pairs of the trans-2-amino-6-hydroxy-1-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene [(+)-14a, (-)-14a] and trans-2-amino-5-hydroxy-1-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1 H-indene [(+)-14b, (-)-14b] and their N,N-di-n-propyl [(+)-and (-)-15a,b], N-methyl-N-allyl [(+)-and (-)-16a,b], and N-methyl-N-n-propyl [(+) and (-)-17a,b] derivatives obtained by a combination of stereospecific reactions and optical resolution. The new compounds were evaluated for their affinity at the dopamine D1 and D2 receptors. The amines (+)- and (-)-14a, incorporating the D1 pharmacophore 2-phenyl-2-(3-hydroxyphenyl)ethylamine in a trans extended conformation, and their derivatives displayed D1 and D2 affinity in the nanomolar range. On the other hand, the enantiomers (+)- and (-)-14b, (+)- and (-)-15b displayed high affinity and selectivity for the D1 receptor. In a preliminary behavioral study on rats (+)-14b, and to a greater extent (+)-15b, promoted episodes of intense grooming, thus indicating that they act as central D1 agonists. The trans-2-amino-5-hydroxy-1-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-indenes (+)-14b and (+)-15b represent selective D1 agonists lacking a catechol group, which should meet the prerequisites for a central nervous system penetration.

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