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Gene. 1996 Sep 26;174(1):159-64.

Molecular cloning of fish alcohol dehydrogenase cDNA.

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National Institute of Oceanography, Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, Haifa, Israel.


A cDNA encoding a putative alcohol dehydrogenase class III (ADH) was cloned from a cDNA library constructed from 7-day larvae RNA of the marine teleost Sparus aurata. The full length cDNA is 1350 nucleotides (nt) long and contains an ORF of 1128 nt [encoding 376 amino acid (aa) residues]. Identity of 82% was found with human class III ADH (305 of 372 aa compared), and only 62% identity with a fish (cod) ADH (234 of 375 aa compared). Northern hybridization analysis with the cDNA revealed a transcript of about 1.4-1.5 kb, which is expressed in all tissues from adult fish studied: skeletal muscle, heart muscle, kidney, gill filaments and liver, with the highest levels found in the kidney. The expression of ADH mRNA was determined also during early development of Sparus aurata by Northern blot analysis. ADH transcripts were detected in eggs and in embryos 4, 8 and 12 h after fertilization, as well as on all days post-hatching studied. The levels of expression decreased during early embryonal development, but increased 4-fold from day 1 to day 21 after hatching. The size of the transcript was identical to that of hepatic ADH. Our results suggest that maternal ADH mRNA is present in the eggs and embryos, which decreases as divisions and development occur, while after hatching ADH mRNA is expressed by the larval tissues.

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