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J Pediatr Surg. 1996 May;31(5):695-7.

Perinatal intussusception in premature infants.

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1
Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH, USA.

Abstract

Intussusception is common in infants aged 5 to 18 months, but there have been only 12 reports of its occurrence among premature infants. Nine of these previously reported cases with adequate data and one new case are reviewed. Many of the infants were believed to have necrotizing enterocolitis, leading to an average 12-day interval between the onset of signs and the operation. Bilious emesis or nasogastric contents, bloody stool, and intestinal dilation without pneumatosis intestinalis were common. A contrast enema showed the intussusception in only 1 of 7 cases. Most cases were diagnosed in the operating room and underwent successful primary anastomosis, with no recurrences. A pathological lead point was identified in 2 of the 10 cases. The overall mortality rate was 23%; the one death since 1970 was secondary to attempted hydrostatic reduction. These cases may represent what, in the absence of premature delivery, would have been the intrauterine development of intussusception likely leading to small bowel atresia.

PMID:
8861483
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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