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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1996 Mar;13(3):185-9.

Epidemiological analysis of tularemia in Japan (yato-byo).

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Department of Microbiology, Kanazawa Medical University, Uchinada-machi, Ishikawa, Japan.


A total of 1372 cases of tularemia observed in Japan since 1924 were analysed. More than 90% of the cases were reported in the north-eastern part of the main island of Japan. After World War II, more than 40 cases were reported yearly for 20 years. Since 1966, however, there have been less than 10 cases per year. Ninety-three % of the cases were caused by contact with infected wild rabbits. The pattern of monthly distribution showed a peak in December and also a lower peak in May. The number of patients older than 40 years of age and the proportion of cases in females have gradually increased. In the earlier survey periods almost 70% of the cases were engaged in agriculture but at present this rate is less than 50%. The changes in the occurrence of tularemia in Japan is thought to be related to the change of life style caused by the rapid growth of the Japanese economy after World War II.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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