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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996 Oct 3;227(1):140-6.

The inhibition of estrogen receptor-mediated responses by chloro-S-triazine-derived compounds is dependent on estradiol concentration in yeast.

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Tulane-Xavier Center for Bioenvironmental Research, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA.


The chloro-S-triazine derived compounds atrazine, atrazine desisopropyl, cyanazine, and simazine are commonly used herbicides. These compounds do not have estrogenic activity in yeast expressing human estrogen receptor (hER) and an estrogen-sensitive reporter. In the presence of a concentration of estradiol (20 nM) that induced maximal reporter activity in yeast, the triazines did not inhibit reporter activity. However, the triazines decreased reporter activity in a dose dependent manner in the presence of a submaximal concentration of estradiol (0.5 nM). The estradiol-dependent activity of a mutant hER lacking the amino terminus was not inhibited by the triazines in yeast. Competition binding assays demonstrated that the triazines displaced radiolabeled estradiol from recombinant hER. These results suggest that the ability of the triazines to inhibit estrogen receptor-mediated responses in yeast occur through their interaction with hER and is dependent on the concentration of estradiol.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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