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Urologe A. 1996 Jan;35(1):18-25.

[Improved organ survival in transplantation of pediatric kidneys by optimizing donor-recipient size relation].

[Article in German]

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Urologische Universitätsklinik Heidelberg.


The risk for renal allograft failure in pediatric renal transplantation (donor age below 3 years) is still high, although it has been reduced by the use of potent immunosuppressive therapies. In this study we report on experience with 80 kidneys of donors below 3 years of age (PD) transplanted at the University of California at San Francisco Hospital in accordance with the policy of minimizing donor-recipient size differences. The graft survival rates were comparable with the results for adult donors, 18-50 years of age (AD, n = 891): at 1 year PD 74.1% vs AD 85.5%, at 2 years PD 70.5% vs AD 80.2%, at 3 years PD 63.5% vs AD 76%; there were no significant differences. The policy of minimizing donor-recipient size differences seems to improve graft survival rates, avoiding the tendency for hyperfiltration phenomena and possibly being responsible for this salutary effect. We conclude that the use of pediatric donor kidneys can yield excellent long-term results independent of primary disease if the donor-recipient size difference is minimized and a potent immunosuppressive regimen is employed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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