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Am J Med Genet. 1995 Oct 23;59(1):123-8.

Opitz GBBB syndrome: chromosomal evidence of an X-linked form.

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Centre for Human Genetics, Liège University, Belgium.


BBB syndrome and G syndrome were originally reported as distinct X-linked disorders. Clinical studies indicated that BBB and G syndromes were likely to represent variant expression of the same disorder, now referred to as "Opitz" GBBB syndrome. Several occurrences of male-to-male transmission in both syndromes led to the hypothesis that GBBB syndrome was a single autosomal dominant, sex influenced disorder, now tentatively mapped to 5p12-13. We report on a large pedigree in which GBBB syndrome appears to cosegregate with a pericentric inversion of the X chromosome inv(X)(p22.3q26). It indicates the possible existence of a true X-linked form of GBBB syndrome, which does not appear phenotypically different from its autosomal counterpart. The gene could map in the vicinity of the breakpoints, in Xp or Xq. The existence of two genes affecting a common pathogenetic pathway could explain the gender-dependent expressivity of GBBB phenotype.

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