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Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1996 Jan;19(1):42-9.

Myocardial mechanics before and after ablation of chronic tachycardia.

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1
Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

Chronic tachycardia has been shown to cause a congestive cardiomyopathy; however, previous methods of evaluating ventricular function are highly dependent on cardiac loading conditions. Mean velocity of fiber shortening and its relation to end-systolic wall stress (ESS) is a preload independent index of contractility that incorporates afterload. We reviewed 33 patients (aged 5 months to 20 years; mean 9.7 years) with ectopic atrial tachycardia (EAT) (n = 19), permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT) (n = 12), or ventricular tachycardia (n = 2), who underwent nonpharmacological elimination of tachycardia ; 28 by radiofrequency ablation and 5 surgically. Ventricular function was evaluated by echocardiographic measurements of shortening fraction, mean velocity shortening corrected for heart rate (VcFc), and afterload as ESS. Contractility, expressed as the stress-velocity index, was determined by comparing the Ess/VcFc relation to the predicted normal VcFc for the measured ESS. Myocardial dysfunction was seen in 21 patients: 13 with EAT; 7 with PJRT; and 1 with ventricular tachycardia. In patients with EAT, the mean heart rate in tachycardia was significantly faster in those with dysfunction than in those without dysfunction (176.8 +/- 23.2 vs 136.7 +/- 28.2; P < 0.02). Of the 21 patients with dysfunction, full recovery was seen in 17 of 18 patients restudied after intervention (mean 17.5 +/- 17.6 weeks), and the remaining patient improved markedly, but did not normalize entirely. Dysfunction, seen in 64% of young patients with chronic tachycardia, was due to depressed myocardial contractility, and is generally reversible within 3 months of definitive therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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