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J Vet Diagn Invest. 1996 Jul;8(3):345-50.

Production of gamma-interferon by peripheral blood mononuclear cells: an important diagnostic tool for detection of subclinical paratuberculosis.

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National Animal Disease Center, USDA-ARS, Ames, IA 50010, USA.


Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from noninfected control cows and from cows with either subclinical or clinical paratuberculosis (Johne's disease). Cells were incubated for 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours in complete medium with the following mitogens: concanavalin A (ConA), phytohemagglutinin-P (PHAP), pokeweed mitogen (PWM), and Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide. In addition, cells were incubated for the same time periods with a Mycobacterium paratuberculosis sonicate (MpS) and live and heat-killed M. paratu-berculosis at 10:1 bacteria: cell ratio. After incubation, cell-free supernatants were analyzed for gamma-interferon (gamma-IFN) production. Cells from subclinical cows produced significantly higher levels of gamma-IFN than did cells from clinical animals after stimulation with mitogens ConA, PHAP, and PWM. Levels of gamma-IFN produced by noninfected control animals generally followed the pattern of those of subclinical animals. After incubation with MpS, significantly greater quantities of gamma-IFN were produced by cells isolated from subclinical animals than by cells from clinical cows and noninfected controls. Stimulation of cells with heat-killed or live M. paratuberculosis evoked a similar response. This study indicates that gamma-IFN production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells in response to M. paratuberculosis antigen may be an important diagnostic tool for the detection of paratuberculosis in subclinically affected animals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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