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J Vet Diagn Invest. 1996 Jul;8(3):304-9.

A specific and sensitive PCR assay suitable for large-scale detection of toxigenic Pasteurella multocida in nasal and tonsillar swabs specimens of pigs.

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1
Institute for Animal Science and Health, Lelystad, The Netherlands.

Abstract

A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the detection of toxigenic Pasteurella multocida in nasal and tonsillar swab specimens collected from pigs was developed. Target DNA was isolated with guanidine thiocyanate and diatomite, and 2 primer sets derived from sequences in the gene that encodes the dermonecrotic toxin of P. multocida were used simultaneously. The method was adapted to microtiter plate format allowing large-scale use of the PCR assay. To identify false-negative test results caused by failure of amplification, a positive control template was constructed that was spiked to each DNA sample. The PCR assay was evaluated with clinical samples and compared with 2 routinely used methods for detection of toxigenic P. multocida: isolation from a selective agar and direct detection of the toxin in extracts of primary cultures by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The sensitivity of the PCR assay was tested with 346 nasal and tonsillar swabs specimens collected from pigs of 9 herds known to be infected with toxigenic P. multocida. Toxigenic P. multocida was isolated from 22 specimens, only 28 specimens tested positive in ELISA, but 40 tested positive in the PCR assay; thus the PCR assay is the most sensitive of the 3 methods. The specificity of the PCR assay was tested with 372 swab specimens collected from pigs of 6 herds certificated to be free from toxigenic P. multocida. Toxigenic P. multocida was not isolated from any of these specimens, all tested negative in ELISA, and 370 tested negative in PCR. The 2 positive specimens came from 2 pigs of 1 litter and tested only weakly positive in the PCR assay. From these results, it was concluded that the PCR assay is not only highly sensitive but also highly specific.

PMID:
8844572
DOI:
10.1177/104063879600800305
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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