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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1996 Aug 10;12(12):1081-91.

Overexpression and purification of a recombinant chimeric HIV type 2/HIV type 1 envelope peptide and application in an accelerated immunobased HIV type 1/2 antibody detection system (AIBS): a new rapid serological screening assay.

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University of Vienna, Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Cell Biology, Austria.


A chimeric HIV-2/HIV-1 envelope sequence containing an immunodominant region of HIV-2 gp36 and the corresponding region of HIV-1 gp41 was constructed and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant product (rp21/18) was purified and applied in a novel antibody-screening assay. Characteristics in the design of this new principle are as follows: (1) the overall assay time is about 30 min; (2) the assay procedure includes three manipulation steps; and (3) the test shows a reliable performance with respect to sensitivity and specificity. The diluted serum sample and the protein G-horseradish peroxidase conjugate are added simultaneously into a coated (hybrid antigen HIV-1/2) and blocked microtiter plate well. The in-batch incubation of serum sample with protein G-horseradish peroxidase saves two manipulation steps that are normally necessary in the five-step procedure of a classical ELISA. AIBS was evaluated with commercially available seroconversion panels and with random negative serum samples from a blood bank. Seroconversion results demonstrated that AIBS has equivalent sensitivity to ELISAs and the third generation assays. The specificity was determined on a total blood donor population of 5012 (Red Cross Vienna, Austria). The repeat reactive rates for donor population were 0.02%. AIBS represents a general immunometric system (not only HIV antibodies). The entire assay procedure of AIBS evaluated for HIV-1/2 screening, including result reporting, can be performed automatically by several commercially available systems. Depending on these systems AIBS is potentially useful in laboratories or blood banks that have both high- and low-volume testing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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