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Am J Physiol. 1996 Sep;271(3 Pt 1):L476-83.

T cell activation in a murine model of asthma.

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1
Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

To determine the mechanisms by which inhaled antigens produce pulmonary inflammation and bronchial hyperreactivity, we have developed a murine model of asthma. BALB/c mice are sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin (OVA). Compared with mice treated with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), OVA-treated mice developed increased lung resistance, decreased dynamic compliance, and greater methacholine reactivity. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid revealed significant increases in the proportion of neutrophils and eosinophils. Tissue sections of OVA-treated mice demonstrated goblet cell metaplasia and focal perivascular and peribronchial infiltrates composed of lymphocytes, neutrophils, and eosinophils. Analysis of thoracic lymphocytes via flow cytometry revealed an expansion of both CD4+ and B cell populations, with increased expression of interleukin-2 receptor on CD4+ T cells, indicated increased activation. There was also increased expression of CD44 on CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes, suggesting an expansion of the local memory cell population. These findings support the hypothesis that activation of T lymphocytes mediates allergic pulmonary inflammation and bronchial reactivity in asthma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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