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J Infect Dis. 1996 Oct;174(4):722-6.

Estimating the timing of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in a breast-feeding population in Kinshasa, Zaire.

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Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA.


Breast-fed infants born to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected mothers in Kinshasa, Zaire, were monitored a mean of 18 months. HIV infection in infants was determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), HIV culture, or ELISA. PCR test results for HIV DNA on venous blood drawn from children ages 0-2 days and 3-5 months were used to estimate proportions of mother-to-child transmission and transmission risks during the intrauterine, intrapartum/early postpartum, and late postpartum periods. Among 69 HIV-infected children (26% of the cohort), 23% (95% confidence interval [CI], 14%-35%) were estimated to have had intrauterine, 65% (CI, 53%-76%) intrapartum/early postpartum, and 12% (CI, 5%-22%) late postpartum transmission. The estimated risks for intrauterine, intrapartum/early postpartum, and late postpartum infection, respectively, were 6% (16/261; CI, 4%-10%), 18% (45/245; CI, 14%-24%), and 4% (8/189; CI, 2%-8%). These results support earlier studies indicating that most transmission occurs during labor and delivery or in the early postpartum period and that the risk of HIV transmission through breast-feeding during the postpartum period is substantial.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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