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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1996 Jul;54(1):1-10.

The postpartum period: the key to maternal mortality.

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1
School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To assess postpartum care at an international level, we reviewed published literature on postpartum maternal deaths.

METHODS:

Meta-analysis was used to summarize the literature reviewed. Postpartum deaths in developing countries were compared with those in the United States.

RESULTS:

In both developing countries and the United States, > 60% of maternal deaths occurred in the postpartum period; 45% of postpartum deaths occurred within 1 day of delivery, > 65% within 1 week, > 80% within 2 weeks. In developing countries, 80% of postpartum deaths caused by obstetric factors occurred within 1 week.

CONCLUSIONS:

The first 24 h postpartum and the first postpartum week is the high risk of postpartum deaths, and the risk remains significant until the second week after delivery. In developing countries, hemorrhage, pregnancy-induced hypertension complications, and obstetric infection are commonest causes of postpartum deaths. We suggest primary prevention, early detection, and secondary prevention of postpartum deaths.

PMID:
8842811
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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