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Br Poult Sci. 1996 Jul;37(3):589-96.

Persistence of Salmonella enteritidis in poultry units and poultry food.

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  • 1Bacteriology Department, Central Veterinary Laboratory, Addlestone, Surrey, England.


1. Studies on the survival of Salmonella enteritidis in poultry units and food were carried out over a two-year period. 2. The organism persisted for at least one year in an empty trial house at the laboratory in which naturally-infected broiler breeder birds had previously been housed. A similar survival period was seen in a building which had housed an infected layer breeder flock, although infection was not detected in a subsequent pullet flock. 3. Salmonella enteritidis was also frequently found surviving outside poultry houses in small pockets of litter and fan dust which had been left after cleansing and disinfection of the site. On some poultry units S. enteritidis was also found in wild bird droppings. 4. Salmonella contamination appeared to persist preferentially in association with dust particles swept from the floor and in food troughs and S. enteritidis survived at least 26 months in artificially contaminated poultry food.

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