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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1977 Aug 2;477(3):273-87.

Mitochondrial biogenesis in cultured mammalian cells. II. Mitochondrial protein and phospholipid synthesis in chloramphenicol-treated BHK-21 cells.


The effect of growth of BHK-21 cells in chloramphenicol on the synthesis of cellular proteins and phospholipids has been examined. The incorporation of leucine into total cellular proteins, or into the proteins of specific subcellular fractions are not significantly reduced by cell culture in the presence of chloramphenicol. In cells treated with cycloheximide, a small amount of chloramphenicol-sensitive labelling of protein was detected within the first hour of exposure to the drug. Chloramphenicol inhibits the incorporation of delta-amino-levulinic acid into hemoproteins, only if it is present during both the 48-h culturing and 4-h labelling period. De novo synthesis of cellular lipids as measured by pulse labelling with 32Pi or [3H]glycerol, is decreased in chloramphenicol-treated cells. This decrease is observed in all sub-cellular fractions, although the mitochondrial fraction is most affected. All phospholipids are affected, with diphosphatidylglycerol labelling reduced to the greatest extent. Although fatty acid synthesis is inhibited, the labelling of diphosphatidylglycerol with fatty acids is stimulated on chloramphenicol treatment.

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