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Cancer Res. 1996 Oct 15;56(20):4778-81.

Gain of 17q24-qter detected by comparative genomic hybridization in malignant tumors from patients with von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis.

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Department of Genetics, Institute for Cancer Research, The Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo, Norway.


The genetic changes leading to the development of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are largely unknown. The few tumors that have been investigated cytogenetically had highly complex karyotypes and no consistent rearrangements, and the attempts to pinpoint consistent DNA-level changes have met with only limited success. We used comparative genomic hybridization to analyze seven MPNSTs and one dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans from eight patients with von Recklinghausen's disease (neurofibromatosis type 1), as well as three sporadic MPNSTs. Gains and losses of DNA sequences were found in all tumors, with an average of four losses (range, 0-14) and two gains (range, 0-5) per tumor. Two striking observations were made: (a) an increase in copy number of the distal part of the long arm of chromosome 17, with the smallest region of overlap 17q24-qter, was seen in five of seven MPNSTs and in the only dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, all of which were from patients with neurofibromatosis, whereas none of the three sporadic MPNSTs had this alteration; and (b) loss of 13q, with the smallest region of overlap 13q14-q21, was found in 6 of 10 MPNSTs. The consistent involvement of these two chromosomal regions probably reflects two different pathogenetic mechanisms for MPNSTs.

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